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ERIC Number: EJ819475
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jan
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0361-476X
Cognitive Biases in the Interpretation of Autonomic Arousal: A Test of the Construal Bias Hypothesis
Ciani, Keith D.; Easter, Matthew A.; Summers, Jessica J.; Posada, Maria L.
Contemporary Educational Psychology, v34 n1 p9-17 Jan 2009
According to Bandura's construal bias hypothesis, derived from social cognitive theory, persons with the same heightened state of autonomic arousal may experience either pleasant or deleterious emotions depending on the strength of perceived self-efficacy. The current study tested this hypothesis by proposing that college students' preexisting efficacy beliefs may affect how physiological arousal during exams is construed as a valence of positive emotion. Survey data were collected from 172 students in a statistics course at a large research university in the Midwest. Students provided self-reported intensity of autonomic arousal during previous exams, statistics self-efficacy, and positive affect toward a proximal final exam. The construal bias hypothesis was supported by a significant interaction between autonomic arousal and self-efficacy on the dependent variable positive affect. Results revealed that as autonomic arousal increased, so did the moderating effect of self-efficacy. Specifically, as physiological arousal intensified, students with high or low self-efficacy reported divergent levels of positive emotion. Implications for theory, research, and practice are discussed. (Contains 1 figure and 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A