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ERIC Number: EJ819443
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0885-2014
Beyond Control of Variables: What Needs to Develop to Achieve Skilled Scientific Thinking?
Kuhn, Deanna; Iordanou, Kalypso; Pease, Maria; Wirkala, Clarice
Cognitive Development, v23 n4 p435-451 Oct-Dec 2008
We identify three aspects of scientific thinking beyond the control-of-variables strategy that we claim are essential for students to master as a foundation for skilled scientific thinking. The first is strategic and involves the ability to coordinate effects of multiple causal influences on an outcome. The second is a mature understanding of the epistemological foundations of science, recognizing scientific knowledge as constructed by humans rather than simply discovered in the world. The third is the ability to engage in skilled argumentation in the scientific domain, with an appreciation of argumentation as entailing the coordination of theory and evidence. We present new empirical data with respect to the first two of these competencies, supporting the claim that they are not well developed by early adolescence and warrant attention and provision of effective kinds of scaffolding. (Contains 1 figure and 9 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A