ERIC Number: EJ819096
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
Processes Linking Social Class and Racial Socialization in African American Dual-Earner Families
Crouter, Ann C.; Baril, Megan E.; Davis, Kelly D.; McHale, Susan M.
Journal of Marriage and Family, v70 n5 p1311-1325 Dec 2008
We examined the links between social class, occupational self-direction, self-efficacy, and racial socialization in a sample of 128 two-parent African American couples raising adolescents. A series of multivariate, multilevel models revealed that mothers' SES was connected to self-efficacy via its association with occupational self-direction; in turn, self-efficacy partially explained the association between occupational self-direction and racial socialization. The link between maternal self-efficacy and racial socialization depended on whether or not children had experienced discrimination. For fathers, a strong link between SES and occupational self-direction emerged, but significant associations were not found between occupational self-direction and self-efficacy, or self-efficacy and racial socialization. The discussion focuses on mother-father differences and the role of child effects in racial socialization.
Descriptors: African Americans, Social Class, Socialization, Self Efficacy, Adolescents, African American Family, Socioeconomic Status, Correlation, Mothers, Fathers, Gender Differences, Racial Discrimination, African American Attitudes, Racial Identification, Career Choice
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A