ERIC Number: EJ819096
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
Processes Linking Social Class and Racial Socialization in African American Dual-Earner Families
Crouter, Ann C.; Baril, Megan E.; Davis, Kelly D.; McHale, Susan M.
Journal of Marriage and Family, v70 n5 p1311-1325 Dec 2008
We examined the links between social class, occupational self-direction, self-efficacy, and racial socialization in a sample of 128 two-parent African American couples raising adolescents. A series of multivariate, multilevel models revealed that mothers' SES was connected to self-efficacy via its association with occupational self-direction; in turn, self-efficacy partially explained the association between occupational self-direction and racial socialization. The link between maternal self-efficacy and racial socialization depended on whether or not children had experienced discrimination. For fathers, a strong link between SES and occupational self-direction emerged, but significant associations were not found between occupational self-direction and self-efficacy, or self-efficacy and racial socialization. The discussion focuses on mother-father differences and the role of child effects in racial socialization.
Descriptors: African Americans, Social Class, Socialization, Self Efficacy, Adolescents, African American Family, Socioeconomic Status, Correlation, Mothers, Fathers, Gender Differences, Racial Discrimination, African American Attitudes, Racial Identification, Career Choice
Blackwell Publishing. 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148. Tel: 800-835-6770; Tel: 781-388-8599; Fax: 781-388-8232; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/jnl_default.asp
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A