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ERIC Number: EJ818833
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-0735-6846
White Racial Identity Statuses as Predictors of White Privilege Awareness
Hays, Danica G.; Chang, Catherine Y.; Havice, Pamela
Journal of Humanistic Counseling, Education and Development, v47 n2 p234 Fall 2008
This study explored the relationship between White privilege awareness and White racial identity development for 197 counseling trainees. Results indicated that 3 of J. E. Helms's (1984, 1990, 1995) White racial identity statuses (i.e., Contact, Reintegration, and Immersion/Emersian) significantly predicted White privilege awareness. Implications for counselor development and research are discussed. (Contains 1 table.)
American Counseling Association. 5999 Stevenson Avenue, Alexandria, VA 22304. Tel: 800-422-2648; Tel: 800-347-6647; Fax: 800-473-2329; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: White Racial Identity Attitude Scale