ERIC Number: EJ818768
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 36
The Prevalence and Nature of Intellectual Disability in Norwegian Prisons
Sondenaa, E.; Rasmussen, K.; Palmstierna, T.; Nottestad, J.
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, v52 n12 p1129-1137 Dec 2008
Background: The objective of the study was to calculate the prevalence of inmates with intellectual disabilities (ID), and identify historical, medical and criminological characteristics of a certain impact. Methods: A random sample of 143 inmates from a Norwegian prison cross sectional sample was studied. The Hayes Ability Screening Index (HASI) was validated with the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI). Results: The prevalence of inmates with ID, IQ less than 70, was 10.8%. Some essential characteristics of inmates with ID were more frequent medication for mental disorders, a higher number of imprisonments, less drug abuse and less education than the other inmates. The results indicated that the HASI is a valid tool for screening of ID for the Norwegian inmates. Conclusions: The prevalence of ID in Norwegian inmates is significant, measured by WASI and HASI. Identification, rehabilitation and care, concerning an intellectual handicap, are mostly absent in the Norwegian criminal justice system.
Descriptors: Incidence, Mental Retardation, Correctional Institutions, Mental Disorders, Institutionalized Persons, Intelligence Quotient, Educational Attainment, Screening Tests, Test Validity, Justice, Rehabilitation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Norway