ERIC Number: EJ818722
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 80
Testing an Idealized Dynamic Cascade Model of the Development of Serious Violence in Adolescence
Dodge, Kenneth A.; Greenberg, Mark T.; Malone, Patrick S.
Child Development, v79 n6 p1907-1927 Nov-Dec 2008
A dynamic cascade model of development of serious adolescent violence was proposed and tested through prospective inquiry with 754 children (50% male; 43% African American) from 27 schools at 4 geographic sites followed annually from kindergarten through Grade 11 (ages 5-18). Self, parent, teacher, peer, observer, and administrative reports provided data. Partial least squares analyses revealed a cascade of prediction and mediation: An early social context of disadvantage predicts harsh-inconsistent parenting, which predicts social and cognitive deficits, which predicts conduct problem behavior, which predicts elementary school social and academic failure, which predicts parental withdrawal from supervision and monitoring, which predicts deviant peer associations, which ultimately predicts adolescent violence. Findings suggest targets for in-depth inquiry and preventive intervention.
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Academic Failure, Adolescents, Least Squares Statistics, Kindergarten, Social Environment, Grade 11, Grade 1, Grade 10, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Child Rearing, Violence, African American Students, Disadvantaged Youth, Behavior Problems, Social Problems
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 1; Grade 10; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; Kindergarten
Authoring Institution: N/A