ERIC Number: EJ818709
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 79
Fetal Substance Exposure and Cumulative Environmental Risk in an African American Cohort
Yumoto, Chie; Jacobson, Sandra W.; Jacobson, Joseph L.
Child Development, v79 n6 p1761-1776 Nov-Dec 2008
Two models of vulnerability to socioenvironmental risk were examined in 337 African American children (M = 7.8 years) recruited to overrepresent prenatal alcohol or cocaine exposure: The cumulative risk model predicted synergistic effects from exposure to multiple risk factors, and the fetal patterning of disease model predicted that prenatal insult will increase vulnerability to environmental risk. Four or more risks emerged as a threshold for poorer cognitive and behavioral outcome among the non-substance-exposed children, whereas substance-exposed children showed greater vulnerability to lower levels of environmental risk. Cumulative risk was associated with increased delinquent and internalizing behaviors only for the substance-exposed group. Results support the cumulative risk model for non-substance-exposed children and increased vulnerability to environmental risk among the substance-exposed group.
Descriptors: African American Children, At Risk Persons, Risk, Prenatal Influences, Models, Drinking, Drug Abuse, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Behavior Problems, Cognitive Ability, Environmental Influences, Delinquency
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A