ERIC Number: EJ818625
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 35
By the Numbers: Minimum Attendance Laws and Inequality of Educational Opportunity in Missouri, 1865-1905
Morice, Linda C.; Hunt, John W.
American Educational History Journal, v34 n2 p275-287 2007
This study details the enactment of attendance laws for black pupils in Missouri and describes their effect by citing examples from two counties: St. Louis County and Polk County. The study is based on a review of primary sources yielding quantitative and qualitative data reported during the first 40 years of the attendance laws. A study of primary sources between 1865 and 1905 revealed black students in Missouri were denied equal educational opportunity through laws that closed their segregated schools when they failed to reach a threshold attendance number established by the legislature. Although fashioned for the purpose of educating freed slaves, the laws ensured second-class status for the state's black residents throughout the period of study. The problem was acute in areas of sparse black population; it became intensified when blacks migrated from rural areas to seek opportunity in the cities.
Descriptors: Primary Sources, Rural Areas, Counties, Educational Opportunities, African American Students, Qualitative Research, Statistical Analysis, School Segregation, Rural to Urban Migration, Educational History, United States History, Attendance, School Attendance Legislation, Equal Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Missouri