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ERIC Number: EJ818625
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0584
By the Numbers: Minimum Attendance Laws and Inequality of Educational Opportunity in Missouri, 1865-1905
Morice, Linda C.; Hunt, John W.
American Educational History Journal, v34 n2 p275-287 2007
This study details the enactment of attendance laws for black pupils in Missouri and describes their effect by citing examples from two counties: St. Louis County and Polk County. The study is based on a review of primary sources yielding quantitative and qualitative data reported during the first 40 years of the attendance laws. A study of primary sources between 1865 and 1905 revealed black students in Missouri were denied equal educational opportunity through laws that closed their segregated schools when they failed to reach a threshold attendance number established by the legislature. Although fashioned for the purpose of educating freed slaves, the laws ensured second-class status for the state's black residents throughout the period of study. The problem was acute in areas of sparse black population; it became intensified when blacks migrated from rural areas to seek opportunity in the cities.
IAP - Information Age Publishing, Inc. PO Box 79049, Charlotte, NC 28271-7047. Tel: 704-752-9125; Fax: 704-752-9113; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Missouri