ERIC Number: EJ818616
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Reference Count: 34
Struggle for the Soul: William Heard Kilpatrick
Stallones, Jared R.
American Educational History Journal, v34 n2 p221-234 2007
Progressive educators applied early religious experiences to their professional lives in four ways. Some, like schoolmaster Jerry Voorhis, consciously integrated their religious beliefs into their educational theories and practices. Others, like Paul Hanna, lived divided lives, one religious and one professional. John Dewey represents a different approach. After a thirty-year struggle with religious belief, he reinterpreted his religious experience in purely secular terms. This article focuses on William Heard Kilpatrick who represents a fourth group who did not seek to harmonize their youthful religion with their adult lives, but seemingly left religion behind as they pursued their careers. That is, Kilpatrick rejected personal religious devotion, but not the bedrock religious ethic of his childhood. Despite his encounters with Charles Darwin's "Descent of Man" and the ideas of Biblical higher criticism, his embrace of science as the sole arbiter of truth, and even a "heresy trial" before the Board of Trustees of Southern Baptist Mercer College, Kilpatrick incorporated significant elements of Christian faith and practice in his manners, writings, and work. In each case, the ways in which progressive educators approached their personal religious beliefs influenced their contributions to education.
Descriptors: Educational Theories, Role of Religion, Work Attitudes, Employee Attitudes, Integrated Activities, Biographies, World Views
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
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