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ERIC Number: EJ818603
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 79
ISSN: ISSN-0268-0939
The Power of Positional Competition and Market Mechanism: A Case Study of Recent Parental Choice Development in China
Wu, Xiaoxin
Journal of Education Policy, v23 n6 p595-614 Nov 2008
The positional competition reflected in the current parental choice fever in China is highlighted by the introduction of market mechanisms: buying houses near preferred schools, paying choice fees or co-founding fees, giving donations and spending money on spare time training classes, etc. All of these work effectively together with the traditional tools of power and "guanxi" in carrying out one's parental choice. The involvement of huge amounts of choice fee money has resulted in changes in government policies that work to the middle classes' advantage by giving the green light to the intake of choice students in senior middle schools and allowing the former key primary schools and junior middle schools to change into "converted schools" for the sake of charging high choice fees in a legal way. The development of the series of government policies has resulted in a shift of the parental choice process from being a meritocratic competition to a largely private competition between families based in large part on wealth, power and "guanxi". (Contains 7 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China