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ERIC Number: EJ818479
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0584
The Reading Circle Movement in Texas
Spearman, Mindy
American Educational History Journal, v34 n1 p23-38 2007
In the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, state-sponsored reading circles provided American teachers with an opportunity for low-cost professional development. Teachers who participated in reading circles read professional literature, discussed the material with colleagues, and, occasionally, completed written assignments based on the readings. The Texas State Teachers' Association established a program in September of 1885, making Texas the eleventh state to formulate provisions for a teachers' reading circle. This study examines the Texas reading circle movement in detail. It places the Texas program in a broader context that contributes to what is known about the teacher reading circle movement in the United States and the American Southwest. This study chronicles changes made to Texas reading circles from their establishment in 1885 to their eventual decline in popularity during the 1920's. It investigates problems with Texas reading circles including deficient finances, a lack of support from county administrators and low teacher participation. Furthermore, this study explores the relationships between reading circle organizers and teachers' institute conductors, the State Board of Education, and the Texas State Teachers' Association.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas