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ERIC Number: EJ818471
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 19
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 51
ISSN: ISSN-1535-0584
The Woman Peril and Male Teachers in the Early Twentieth Century
Johnson, Shaun
American Educational History Journal, v35 n1 p149-167 2008
The last few decades in America were marked with perceptible changes in educational and occupational opportunities for women, particularly with the passage of Title IX and a growing consensus towards more egalitarian values in our culture. A pro-male backlash, or recuperative masculinity, emerged in more recent years as an outgrowth of feminist progress. Between 1900 and 1930, the "boy problem" and the complementary and equally alarming "woman peril" was exacerbated by a decline in the achievement of boys and a drop in the percentage of men in the paid labor force (Hansot 1993). One solution to the problem was to encourage more men to become teachers. As a recruitment tool for young men graduating high school, Phi Delta Kappa, a fraternal association of 25,000 men in education, published in 1938 "Teaching as a Man's Job" encouraging young men to consider teaching as an important vocation while detailing the professional life of teachers. This paper traces the discussion of the already established feminization of the teaching profession and the subsequent recruitment of male teachers during the "boy crisis" in the early half of the 20th century. Literature on the pro-male teacher backlash in the 1900's is presented through the five chapters of "Teaching as a Man's Job," with each section named after a chapter of the text.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A