ERIC Number: EJ818350
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Self-Esteem and Suicide Ideation in Psychiatric Outpatients
Bhar, Sunil; Ghahramanlou-Holloway, Marjan; Brown, Gregory; Beck, Aaron T.
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v38 n5 p511-516 Oct 2008
Depression, hopelessness, and low self-esteem are implicated as vulnerability factors for suicide ideation. The association of self-esteem with suicide ideation after controlling for depressed mood and hopelessness was examined. Adult psychiatric outpatients (N = 338) completed measures of self-esteem, suicide ideation, hopelessness, and depression. Self-esteem was operationalized as beliefs about oneself (self-based self-esteem) and beliefs about how other people regard oneself (other-based self-esteem). Each dimension of self-esteem was negatively associated with suicide ideation after controlling for depression and hopelessness. Of the two dimensions of self-esteem, other-based self-esteem was the more robust predictor of suicide ideation. These findings suggest that even in the context of depression and hopelessness, low self-esteem may add to the risk for suicide ideation.
Descriptors: Suicide, Depression (Psychology), Self Esteem, Correlation, Psychological Patterns, Self Concept, Predictor Variables, At Risk Persons
Guilford Press. 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012. Tel: 800-365-7006; Tel: 212-431-9800; Fax: 212-966-6708; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.guilford.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A