ERIC Number: EJ818340
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Nonverbal Communication Skills in Young Children with Autism
Chiang, Chung-Hsin; Soong, Wei-Tsuen; Lin, Tzu-Ling; Rogers, Sally J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v38 n10 p1898-1906 Nov 2008
Objective: The study was to examine nonverbal communication in young children with autism. Methods: The participants were 23 young children with autism (mean CA = 32.79 months), 23 CA and MA-matched children with developmental delay and 22 18-20-month-old, and 22 13-15-month-old typically developing toddlers and infants. The abbreviated Early Social Communication Scales [Mundy et al. 1996, Early social communication scales (ESCS)] were used to test three types of nonverbal communicative skills, i.e., joint attention, requesting, and social interaction. Both frequency and proportion analyses were done in group comparisons. Results: (1) Two- to three-year-old children with autism displayed deficits in joint attention ability, especially high-level skills. (2) The deficit in terms of frequency of communication was marked even compared with typically developing infants with younger mental age. (3) Young children with autism had different nonverbal communication profile compared with all three comparison groups. Conclusion: Early social-communicative difficulties in autism involve early triadic communications involving joint attention and possibly dyadic turn-taking skills, which has implications for both early screening and early intervention.
Descriptors: Young Children, Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Infants, Interpersonal Relationship, Interaction, Developmental Delays, Communication Skills, Toddlers, Interpersonal Communication, Social Behavior, Attention, Age Differences, Mental Age
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A