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ERIC Number: EJ817948
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
ISSN: ISSN-0013-189X
Adequacy of Reporting Results of School Surveys and Nonresponse Effects: A Review of the Literature and a Case Study
Kano, Megumi; Franke, Todd; Afifi, Abdelmonem A.; Bourque, Linda B.
Educational Researcher, v37 n8 p480-490 2008
To ensure accurate interpretation of research findings, researchers should report details about their research design, data collection method, and response rates when presenting findings from survey research. A review of 100 peer-reviewed articles reporting the results of survey research on K-12 schools with principals as the designated respondents revealed that such information is often not reported. Few studies examined or even acknowledged the potentially biasing effects of nonresponse. A mail survey of 470 schools in California, which yielded a response rate of 33% (157/470), is used as a case study to evaluate the pattern of nonresponse and its effects on univariate and multivariate statistics. Consistent with prior research, nonresponse produced bias in univariate estimates, but associations between variables were robust and not affected. (Contains 6 tables.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California