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ERIC Number: EJ817743
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 39
ISSN: ISSN-0885-985X
When Oppression and Liberation Are the Only Choices: The Representation of African Americans within State Social Studies Standards
Joumell, Wayne
Journal of Social Studies Research, v32 n1 p40-50 Spr 2008
This study seeks to understand the ways nine states represent African Americans within their standards for U.S. History. Previous research on the effects of high-stakes assessment on social studies educators suggests teachers align their instruction with information found in state standards. Therefore, an understanding of the way African Americans are represented in state standards may lead to a better understanding of how teachers portray African American history in their classrooms. The states included in the study, California, Georgia, Indiana, New York, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, and Virginia, all annually assess students and teachers though end-of-course assessments. For each set of standards, all references to African Americans were coded and then categorized. Additionally, all references to individual African Americans were noted and analyzed for patterns. The results suggest that the states tend to focus on instances and individuals associated with African American oppression or liberation and largely avoid societal and cultural contributions. Therefore, it is suggested that states reframe their standards to include more explicit references to cultural accomplishments of African Americans. (Contains 2 tables.)
University of Northern Iowa. 1227 West 27th Street, Cedar Falls, IA 50613-3675. Tel: 319-273-2838; Fax: 319-273-2913
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Georgia; Indiana; New York; North Carolina; Oklahoma; South Carolina; Virginia