ERIC Number: EJ817403
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
Competent yet out in the Cold: Shifting Criteria for Hiring Reflect Backlash toward Agentic Women
Phelan, Julie E.; Moss-Racusin, Corinne A.; Rudman, Laurie A.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v32 n4 p406-413 Dec 2008
We present evidence that shifting hiring criteria reflects backlash toward agentic ("masterful") women (Rudman, 1998). Participants (N=428) evaluated male or female agentic or communal managerial applicants on dimensions of competence, social skills, and hireability. Consistent with past research, agentic women were perceived as highly competent but deficient in social skills, compared with agentic men. New to the present research, social skills predicted hiring decisions more than competence for agentic women; for all other applicants, competence received more weight than social skills. Thus, evaluators shifted the job criteria away from agentic women's strong suit (competence) and toward their perceived deficit (social skills) to justify hiring discrimination. The implications of these findings for women's professional success are discussed.
Descriptors: Evaluators, Females, Personnel Selection, Criteria, Interpersonal Competence, Gender Differences, Gender Discrimination
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A