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ERIC Number: EJ817377
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 69
ISSN: ISSN-1537-4416
Refining the Classification of Children with Selective Mutism: A Latent Profile Analysis
Cohan, Sharon L.; Chavira, Denise A.; Shipon-Blum, Elisa; Hitchcock, Carla; Roesch, Scott C.; Stein, Murray B.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, v37 n4 p770-784 Oct 2008
The goal of this study was to develop an empirically derived classification system for selective mutism (SM) using parent-report measures of social anxiety, behavior problems, and communication delays. The sample consisted of parents of 130 children (ages 5-12) with SM. Results from latent profile analysis supported a 3-class solution made up of an anxious-mildly oppositional group, an anxious-communication delayed group, and an exclusively anxious group. Follow-up tests indicated significant group differences on measures of SM symptom severity, externalizing problems, and expressive/receptive language abilities. These results suggest that, although social anxiety is typically a prominent feature of SM, children with the disorder are also likely to present with communication delays and/or mild behavior problems. (Contains 5 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory; Child Behavior Checklist; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales