ERIC Number: EJ816866
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 33
Performance Assessment of Counseling Skills Based on Specific Theories: Acquisition, Retention and Transfer to Actual Counseling Sessions
Schaefle, Scott; Smaby, Marlowe H.; Packman, Jill; Maddux, Cleborne D.
Education, v128 n2 p262-273 Dec 2007
The purposes of the present study were to determine if (a) students trained to demonstrate specific skills learn these skills and transfer them to actual counseling sessions; (b) mastery of counseling skills differs by students' adherence to one of four general counseling theories; (c) mastery of counseling skills is related to counseling goal attainment; and (d) mastery of counseling skills is related to counselors' social influence. Counselors conducted hour-long counseling sessions and were rated on the Skilled Counseling Scale (SCS) by three trained raters. These ratings were higher several years after training than prior to training and there was no difference in SCS ratings with regard to theoretical preferences of counselors. Neither client-perceived social influence or goal attainment ratings by counselors were related to average counseling skill scores by trained raters. However, high rating levels on the CRF-S and GAS may not have produced significant correlations due to lack of variation of the ratings, which were uniformly high.
Descriptors: Counseling Theories, Counseling Objectives, Performance Based Assessment, Performance Tests, Counselor Training, Social Influences, Counseling Techniques, Counseling Effectiveness, Transfer of Training, Rating Scales, Success, Hypothesis Testing
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A