ERIC Number: EJ816815
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 13
Improving Students' Memory for Musical Compositions and Their Composers: Mneme that Tune!
Carney, Russell N.; Levin, Joel R.
College Student Journal, v41 n4 p918-925 Dec 2007
Students enrolled in music appreciation and music history courses may find it difficult to remember composers' names and the titles of their compositions--particularly when retrieval is prompted by corresponding classical music themes. We sought to develop and validate a mnemonic approach in which musical themes were first recoded as more concrete referents, and then meaningfully associated with names and titles. Undergraduates were randomly assigned to either "own best method" or mnemonic conditions in both experiments. In Experiment 1, students associated composers and composition titles. In Experiment 2, students associated musical themes and composers' names (Day 1), and themes, names, and titles (Day 2). In all statistical comparisons, students using the mnemonic approach statistically outperformed corresponding "own best method" control groups. Our positive findings are of special note in Experiment 2, where classical music themes prompted students to identify titles and composers' names. To our knowledge, this is the first research to validate a mnemonic approach of this sort.
Descriptors: Music Education, Music Appreciation, Mnemonics, Control Groups, Classical Music, Learning Strategies
Project Innovation, Inc. P.O. Box 8508 Spring Hill Station, Mobile, AL 36689-0508. Tel: 251-343-1878; Fax: 251-343-1878; Web site: http://www.projectinnovation.biz/csj.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A