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ERIC Number: EJ816724
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1557-1874
The Effect of Social Isolation on Depressive Symptoms Varies by Neighborhood Characteristics: A Study of an Urban Sample of Women with Pre-School Aged Children
Rajaratnam, Julie Knoll; O'Campo, Patricia; Caughy, Margaret O'Brien; Muntaner, Carles
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, v6 n4 p464-475 Oct 2008
Objectives: To examine how individual characteristics, social isolation, and neighborhood context affect depressive symptoms in a socio-economically diverse population of women with young children. Methods: Interviews were conducted with 261 mothers from 68 neighborhoods in Baltimore between 1998 and 2000. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression scale (CES-D). Neighborhood context was characterized using police and Census data. Multilevel regression was performed. Results: Socially isolated women reported on average 73% (95% CI, 48 and 92%) more depressive symptoms than women who were not socially isolated; however, the association of social isolation and depressive symptoms varied by level of crime in the neighborhood. Social isolation was associated with an average increase in depressive symptoms of 128% (95% CI, 115 and 138%) for women in low-crime neighborhoods but with no change for those in high-crime neighborhoods. The interaction remained significant after controlling for individual- and neighborhood-level socio-demographic characteristics.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A