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ERIC Number: EJ816703
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Need States Based on Eating Occasions Experienced by Midlife Women
Vue, Houa; Degeneffe, Dennis; Reicks, Marla
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v40 n6 p378-384 Nov-Dec 2008
Objective: To identify a comprehensive set of distinct "need states" based on the eating occasions experienced by midlife women. Design: Series of 7 focus group interviews. Setting: Meeting room on a university campus. Participants: A convenience sample of 34 multi-ethnic women (mean age = 46 years). Phenomenon of Interest: Descriptions of eating occasions by "need states," specific patterns of needs for the occasion. Analysis: Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed for common themes using qualitative data analysis procedures. Findings: Eight need states suggested a hypothetical framework reflecting a wide range in emotional gratification. Need states with a low level of emotional gratification were dominated by sets of functional needs, such as coping with stress, balancing intake across occasions, meeting external demands of time and effort, and maintaining a routine. Food was a means for reinforcing family identity, social expression, and celebration in need states with high levels of emotional gratification. Occurrence of need states varied by day and meal/snack occasion, with food type and amount dependent on need state. Conclusions and Implications: Eating occasions are driven by specific sets of needs ranging from physical/functional to more emotional/social needs. Addressing need states may improve weight intervention programs for midlife women. (Contains 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A