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ERIC Number: EJ816700
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1499-4046
Reduced Availability of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Diet Soda Has a Limited Impact on Beverage Consumption Patterns in Maine High School Youth
Whatley Blum, Janet E.; Davee, Anne-Marie; Beaudoin, Christina M.; Jenkins, Paul L.; Kaley, Lori A.; Wigand, Debra A.
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v40 n6 p341-347 Nov-Dec 2008
Objective: To examine change in high school students' beverage consumption patterns pre- and post-intervention of reduced availability of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and diet soda in school food venues. Design: A prospective, quasi-experimental, nonrandomized study design. Setting: Public high schools. Participants: A convenience sample from control (n = 221) and intervention (n = 235) high schools. Intervention: Schools aimed to reduce (n = 4) or not change (n = 3) availability of SSB and diet soda in food venues for 1 school year. Main Outcome Measures: Subjects' beverage servings/day was determined from a food frequency questionnaire pre- and post-intervention. Analysis: Two-by-two mixed analysis of variance model compared pre- to post-intervention servings/day between control and intervention subjects, stratified by gender. Results: Consumption of SSB decreased in both intervention and control boys (F = 53.69, P less than 0.05) and girls (F = 22.87, P less than 0.05). Intervention girls decreased diet soda consumption as compared to control girls (F = 6.57, P less than 0.05). Conclusion and Implications: Reducing availability of SSB in schools did not result in a greater decrease in SSB consumption by intervention as compared to control subjects. The impact of reducing availability of SSB at school may be limited. A better understanding of beverage consumption patterns may be needed to determine the efficacy of school food policies on those youth susceptible to obesity. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Maine