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ERIC Number: EJ816625
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 67
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0167
Moderating Effects of Three Coping Strategies and Self-Esteem on Perceived Discrimination and Depressive Symptoms: A Minority Stress Model for Asian International Students
Wei, Meifen; Ku, Tsun-Yao; Russell, Daniel W.; Mallinckrodt, Brent; Liao, Kelly Yu-Hsin
Journal of Counseling Psychology, v55 n4 p451-462 Oct 2008
This study examined 3 coping strategies (reflective, suppressive, and reactive), along with self-esteem, as moderators of the relation between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms. International students (N = 354) from China, India, Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong provided data via an online survey. The role of perceived general stress was statistically controlled. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated a significant direct effect of perceived discrimination, a significant 2-way interaction of perceived discrimination and suppressive coping, and a significant 3-way interaction of perceived discrimination, reactive coping, and self-esteem in predicting depressive symptoms. An increased tendency to use suppressive coping appeared to strengthen the association between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms. In contrast, the association between perceived discrimination and depressive symptoms was not significant when reactive coping was infrequently used, but only for students with relatively high self-esteem. (Contains 3 figures, 2 tables and 5 footnotes.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China; Hong Kong; India; South Korea; Taiwan
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale