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ERIC Number: EJ816574
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-0964-5292
Peer Effects and the Indigenous/Non-Indigenous Early Test-Score Gap in Peru
Sakellariou, Chris
Education Economics, v16 n4 p371-390 Dec 2008
This paper assesses the magnitude of the non-indigenous/indigenous test-score gap for third-year and fourth-year primary school pupils in Peru, in relation to the main family, school and peer inputs contributing to the test-score gap using the estimation method of feasible generalized least squares. The article then decomposes the gap into its constituent components using the traditional Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition method, as well as a modified decomposition method based on the estimation of a cognitive achievement production function. The decomposition results from both decomposition methods suggest that almost all of the test-score gap is explained by various peer, student, family and school characteristics. The peer characteristics used in the regression are the main contributors to the gross test-score gap, comprising between 58% and 71% of the language test gap and 45-62% of the mathematics test-score gap, depending on the decomposition method used. (Contains 4 figures, 5 tables, and 11 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 3; Grade 4
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Peru