ERIC Number: EJ816406
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Parent-Child Relations, Conduct Problems and Cigarette Use in Adolescence: Examining the Role of Genetic and Environmental Factors on Patterns of Behavior
Shelton, Katherine H.; Harold, Gordon T.; Fowler, Tom A.; Rice, Frances J.; Neale, Michael C.; Thapar, Anita; van den Bree, Marianne B. M.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v37 n10 p1216-1228 Nov 2008
This study investigated genetic and environmental influences on the associations between mother-child relationship quality (warmth and hostility) and adolescent conduct problems and cigarette use. Participants included 601 mothers and adolescent twin pairs (aged 12-17 years). Mothers and adolescents provided separate reports of mother-to-child warmth and hostility. A combined measure of mother and adolescent reported conduct problems was used while adolescents provided reports of their cigarette use. Analyses were conducted using bivariate genetic analyses of correlated factors models and regression analyses of monozygotic twin differences. Genetic influences were found for most ratings of the parent-child relationship, with evidence of gender and/or rater-specificity for some measures. The relationship between mother-child hostility with adolescent conduct problems and cigarette use was influenced by genetic and environmental effects. Evidence was found for shared environment effects on the relationship between mother-child warmth and conduct problems. Examining monozygotic twin differences provided further support for non-shared environmental influence on the relationship between mothers' expressions of hostility and low warmth and adolescent adjustment. Findings are discussed in relation to the interplay between genetic and environmental effects underlying links between parent-child relations and adolescent behavior problems.
Descriptors: Twins, Behavior Problems, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Adolescents, Genetics, Environmental Influences, Psychological Patterns, Smoking, Correlation, Parent Influence, Parenting Styles, Gender Differences, At Risk Persons
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A