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ERIC Number: EJ816337
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2004
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 84
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Personality and Gender Differences in Friendship Needs and Experiences in Preadolescence and Young Adulthood
Zarbatany, Lynne; Conley, Ryanne; Pepper, Susan
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v28 n4 p299-310 2004
Personality and gender differences in close same-sex friendship needs and experiences were investigated in two samples. Participants were 312 university students (217 women, M age = 19.5) and 491 preadolescents (269 girls, M age = 11.87). Participants completed several questionnaires yielding scores for communion and agency (personality), communal and agentic friendship needs, actual communal and agentic provisions of a best friendship, and affective functioning (satisfaction with the best friendship, loneliness). Findings revealed that close friendship serves both communal (connection) and agentic (social prominence) needs. Agency and/or communion predicted friendship needs and experiences and affective correlates of failure to meet friendship needs (friendship satisfaction, loneliness). Thus, friendship is "not" a homogeneous experience, but is shaped by the dispositions of the individuals who comprise it. Gender differences emerged in communal and agentic friendship needs and experiences; however, consensus among male and female participants regarding the functions of close friendship fails to support strong claims regarding gender-differentiated "worlds." (Contains 7 tables and 4 footnotes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bem Sex Role Inventory