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ERIC Number: EJ816129
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISSN: ISSN-0165-0254
Social Withdrawal and Maladjustment in a Very Group-Oriented Society
Valdivia, Ibis Alvarez; Schneider, Barry H.; Chavez, Kenia Lorenzo; Chen, Xinyin
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v29 n3 p219-228 2005
Elementary-school children in Cuba and Canada participated in measures of loneliness, sociometric status, friendship, aggression, and social withdrawal. Withdrawal was associated with loneliness in the Cuban data from both cohorts, Grade 4 and Grade 6. In the Canadian data, withdrawal was only linked to loneliness in Grade 6. In contrast with North American data, aggression was a significant correlate of loneliness in the Cuban data from both cohorts. Social withdrawal was more strongly linked with loneliness in a Grade 6 cohort than among children in Grade 4. Especially in the Cuban Grade 6 data, there was considerable evidence that peer acceptance/rejection mediates the link between problematic social withdrawal and loneliness. These data are interpreted in light of the known functions of the peer group in Cuban society in regulating social behaviours that may be interpreted as not participating in the collective group or undermining its behavioural norms. (Contains 5 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Grade 6
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Cuba