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ERIC Number: EJ816098
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 99
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0734-2829
A CHC Theory-Based Analysis of Age Differences on Cognitive Abilities and Academic Skills at Ages 22 to 90 Years
Kaufman, Alan S.; Johnson, Cheryl K.; Liu, Xin
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, v26 n4 p350-381 2008
Age differences for nine age groups between 22 and 25 years and 81 and 90 years were evaluated, covarying educational attainment, on five Cattell-Horn-Carroll (CHC) abilities: fluid reasoning (Gf), crystallized ability (Gc), quantitative knowledge (Gq), reading (Grw-Reading), and writing (Grw-Writing). Data were from the adult portions of the stratified standardization samples of the second editions of the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test (N = 570) and the Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement-Brief Form (N = 555). Gc and Grw-Reading were maintained through old age, whereas Gf, Gq, and Grw-Writing were vulnerable abilities. The age-related decline in mean scores on Gf was powerful, as even the maintained CHC abilities of Gc and Grw-Reading proved to be vulnerable when the component tasks of each were analyzed separately. All Gender x Age interactions were nonsignificant, indicating that age differences for all CHC abilities studied were essentially the same for men and women. (Contains 4 tables and 4 figures.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: journals@sagepub.com; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test; Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement