ERIC Number: EJ816081
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 60
A Multidimensional Approach to Determinants of Computer Use in Primary Education: Teacher and School Characteristics
Tondeur, J.; Valcke, M.; van Braak, J.
Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, v24 n6 p494-506 Dec 2008
The central aim of this study was to test a model that integrates determinants of educational computer use. In particular, the article examines teacher and school characteristics that are associated with different types of computer use by primary school teachers. A survey was set up, involving 527 teachers from 68 primary schools in Flanders. A separate questionnaire was administered to information and communication technology (ICT) coordinators from the same schools to gather additional information about cultural and contextual school characteristics. The combined impact of both teacher and school characteristics was explored through a multilevel analysis. Besides the importance of school characteristics, the results reveal differential effects of specific characteristics on specific types of computer use. Cultural school characteristics for instance, such as the schools' openness to change and the availability of an ICT school policy plan, are positively related to the use of computers as a learning tool and to the adoption of ICT in view of basic computer skills. In contrast, no cultural school characteristic seem to be associated with the use of computers as an information tool. In a comparable way, teacher characteristics are associated with specific types of computer use, e.g. the variable gender. In general, male teachers report integrating computers more often. In this study, it appears that gender differences only exist in relation to the adoption of computers as an information tool. The results demonstrate that a multidimensional approach provides more insight into the characteristics affecting computer use.
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Surveys, Foreign Countries, Models, Teacher Characteristics, Elementary Education, Institutional Characteristics, School Policy, Gender Differences, Correlation, Research Methodology, Technology Integration, Computer Uses in Education, Educational Technology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium