ERIC Number: EJ815915
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Relationships between Population Density and the Perceived Quality of Neighbourhood
Walton, D.; Murray, S. J.; Thomas, J. A.
Social Indicators Research, v89 n3 p405-420 Dec 2008
Two overseas survey-based scales measuring perceived quality of neighbourhood were adapted and replicated in a New Zealand context. An Italian study (Bonaiuto, Fornara, and Bonnes. (2003). "Landscape and Urban Planning," 65, 41-52) measuring Perceived Residential Environmental Quality (PREQ) and an American study (Carp and Carp. (1982). "Journal of Environmental Psychology," 2, 295-312) using the Perceived Environmental Quality Indices (PEQI) were applied to a sample of Auckland residents, separated into low, medium, and high population density areas. The surveys measured attitudes towards subjects such as noise, neighbours, accessibility, green areas, welfare services, recreational services, safety, maintenance, environmental health, transport services, and characteristics of an ideal neighbourhood, and were completed by 369 respondents. Primary analyses examined differences in perception across the three density groups. The factor structures of both scales were replicated with the Auckland sample, and differences across densities were found for subscales of the PREQ. The results are discussed in relation to the cross-cultural similarities of perceived environmental quality, and the concept that environmental satisfaction is based on balancing aspects of the residential environment is proposed.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Welfare Services, Correlation, Social Indicators, Neighborhoods, Surveys, Factor Structure, Replication (Evaluation), Living Standards, Physical Environment, Quality of Life, Community Characteristics, Place of Residence, Urban Environment, Attitudes, Residential Patterns
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand