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ERIC Number: EJ815851
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0010-0277
Pragmatic Expectations and Linguistic Evidence: Listeners Anticipate but Do Not Integrate Common Ground
Barr, Dale J.
Cognition, v109 n1 p18-40 Oct 2008
When listeners search for the referent of a speaker's expression, they experience interference from privileged knowledge, knowledge outside of their "common ground" with the speaker. Evidence is presented that this interference reflects limitations in lexical processing. In three experiments, listeners' eye movements were monitored as they searched for the target of a speaker's referring expression in a display that also contained a phonological competitor (e.g., bucket/buckle). Listeners anticipated that the speaker would refer to something in common ground, but they did not experience less interference from a competitor in privileged ground than from a matched competitor in common ground. In contrast, interference from the competitor was eliminated when it was ruled out by a semantic constraint. These findings support a view of comprehension as relying on multiple systems with distinct access to information and present a challenge for constraint-based views of common ground. (Contains 8 figures and 6 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A