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ERIC Number: EJ815717
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 140
There's an Elephant in the Room: The Impact of Early Poverty and Neglect on Intelligence and Common Learning Disorders in Children, Adolescents, and Their Parents
Bigelow, Brian J.
Developmental Disabilities Bulletin, v34 n1-2 p177-215 2006
Recognition of poverty and neglect is very important in formulating a practical diagnosis of children's and adolescent's learning disorders. Early brain development forms the basis of learning, behavior and health over the entire life span. Through accumulated stressors and lack of supports, early poverty undermines competent parenting which then impairs learning and is the most common cause of mild mental retardation (MMR). Parenting interventions left until school entry do not prevent the insidious decline in IQ over the developmental period. Most types of learning disorders (e.g., ADHD, LD, FAS/FAE) are either aggravated or actually caused in the presence of chronic early poverty. Lack of functional accessibility to family, extra-familial and community resources for the poor impairs their adjustment to their children's learning disorders. Stresses due to poverty and cultural marginalization also exacerbate FAS/FAE. Poverty and despair eclipse diagnostic debates in producing hyperactivity, memory impairment, and social maladjustment. The need for early identification of at-risk infants and the provision of nurturing stimulation, cognitive training and parental support cannot be over-emphasized.
Descriptors: Poverty, Child Neglect, Mild Mental Retardation, Learning Disabilities, Children, Adolescents, Parents, Adjustment (to Environment), Attention Deficit Disorders, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Mental Disorders, Indigenous Populations, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Child Rearing, Intelligence Quotient
J.P. Das Developmental Disabilities Centre. 6-102 Education North, University of Alberta, Edmonton AB T6G 2G5, Canada. Tel: 780-492-4505; Fax: 780-492-1318; Web site: http://www.ualberta.ca/~jpdasddc/bulletin/index.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A