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ERIC Number: EJ815566
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-1446-5442
Empirical Evidence for Multiple Goals: A Gender-Based, Senior High School Student Perspective
Smith, Lorraine; Sinclair, Kenneth E.
Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology, v5 p55-70 2005
This exploratory study examined the range of gender-based achievement motivation patterns evident in a group of Australian final year high school students. Single, dual and multiple goal complexes were compared, enabling an evaluation of the relative impact of each of the goals on these patterns, as well as their relationships with academic self-efficacy, self-regulation and affective responses. A self-report survey measuring achievement goals, academic self-regulation, academic self-efficacy and affective distress was completed. Analyses of variance, cluster analysis and post-hoc comparisons were used to examine group differences. Gender differences in motivational goal patterns were identified, particularly with respect to the performance-approach goal. The dual task/performance-approach goal orientation reflected overall the most productive pattern of achievement motivation, and this was superior to the single task-mastery goal cluster. The performance-avoidance goal orientation exerted a strong negative effect, regardless of its combination with task or performance-approach goals. The traditionally held view that the single, task-mastery goal orientation is the most productive approach was not supported. (Contains 6 tables and 1 figure.)
University of Newcastle. School of Education, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia