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ERIC Number: EJ815208
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Pages: 29
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 30
ISSN: ISSN-0010-4086
Education, Diversity, and Inclusion in Burmese Refugee Camps in Thailand
Oh, Su-Ann; van der Stouwe, Marc
Comparative Education Review, v52 n4 p589-617 Nov 2008
This article explores the "two faces" model of education through which Kenneth Bush and Diana Saltarelli (2000) describe the positive and negative roles that education can play in situations of ethnic conflict. The authors apply it more narrowly to analyze the effect of inclusion and diversity in education in a conflict situation. In addition to the Bush and Saltarelli model, they use an analytical framework of inclusion that they developed during their research. This framework defines inclusion as consisting of three dimensions: access to schools, quality and relevance of the learning experience, and equality and diversity in management structures. Employing a participatory approach to collect data on social inclusion in education, they conducted fieldwork in 2006 along the Thai-Burmese border in six refugee camps inhabited predominantly by members of the Karen ethnic group. From case studies on adolescent pregnancy and marriage, special learning needs, and the language of instruction, their findings demonstrate how tensions between the positive and negative effects of education manifest themselves in a protracted refugee situation in Thailand. They supplemented their findings with individual interviews with 28 young women who left school after becoming pregnant and/or getting married, as well as with statistical data from schools and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). In sum, their findings illustrate the explicit and implicit mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion operating in schools and how they are linked to societal attitudes, the refugee experience, and notions of identity and nationhood. (Contains 4 tables and 3 footnotes.)
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Burma; Thailand