ERIC Number: EJ814963
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
SAT and ACT Predict College GPA after Removing "g"
Coyle, Thomas R.; Pillow, David R.
Intelligence, v36 n6 p719-729 Nov-Dec 2008
This research examined whether the SAT and ACT would predict college grade point average (GPA) after removing g from the tests. SAT and ACT scores and freshman GPAs were obtained from a university sample (N=161) and the 1997 National Longitudinal Study of Youth (N=8984). Structural equation modeling was used to examine relationships among g, GPA, and the SAT and ACT. The g factor was estimated from commercial cognitive tests (e.g., Wonderlic and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale) and the computer-adaptive Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery. The unique variances of the SAT and ACT, obtained after removing g, were used to predict GPA. Results from both samples converged: While the SAT and ACT were highly g loaded, both tests generally predicted GPA after removing g. These results suggest that the SAT and ACT are strongly related to g, which is related to IQ and intelligence tests. They also suggest that the SAT and ACT predict GPA from non-g factors. Further research is needed to identify the non-g factors that contribute to the predictive validity of the SAT and ACT. (Contains 3 tables and 2 figures.)
Descriptors: Intelligence, Grade Point Average, Structural Equation Models, Predictive Validity, Intelligence Tests, College Entrance Examinations, Predictive Measurement, Predictor Variables, College Students, Longitudinal Studies, Evaluation Methods, Measures (Individuals)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment; Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery; SAT (College Admission Test); Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale