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ERIC Number: EJ814929
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
ISSN: ISSN-1532-8090
What Boys and Girls Learn through Song: A Content Analysis of Gender Traits and Sex Bias in Two Choral Classroom Textbooks
Hawkins, Patrick J.
Research and Issues in Music Education, v5 n1 p1-8 Sep 2007
In an effort to further the understanding of gender traits or sexual bias that high school-aged choral music students might be exposed to in their curricular materials, two choral textbooks Choral Connections Beginning Level 1 Treble Voices and Choral Connections Beginning Level 1 Tenor-Bass Voices published by Glencoe MacGraw-Hill in 1999 were analyzed using a modified Bem Sex Role Inventory Model. The results found that significantly more songs were about men than were about women. The songs selected for the treble voices were more androgynous, while the secular music presented to the boys was significantly more masculine in the traits: assertive, masculine/heterosexual, adventurous, and self-reliant. Gender stereotypes were also found in the volumes. Lastly, women and minority groups were presented less often than were males and the white majority. (Contains 3 tables.)
University of St. Thomas. Graduate Programs in Music Education, Loras Hall 103, 2115 Summit Avenue, Saint Paul, MN 55105. Tel: 651-962-5729; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Amendments 1972; Title IX Education Amendments 1972