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ERIC Number: EJ814847
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 71
ISSN: ISSN-0044-118X
Sense of Futility: The Missing Link between Track Position and Self-Reported School Misconduct
Van Houtte, Mieke; Stevens, Peter A. J.
Youth & Society, v40 n2 p245-264 2008
It is often reported that delinquency and school misconduct are more prevalent among students in lower academic tracks. This article examines the relationship between school type (general vs. technical/vocational) and self-reported school misconduct, considering simultaneously two recurrent explanations: the students' self-esteem and "strain theory." Through a multilevel analysis, we assess the explanatory value of self-esteem, the sense of futility, and a school's overall culture of futility in this relationship. Data on 6,373 students from 44 Flemish schools gathered in the 2004-2005 academic year show that technical/ vocational students report higher levels of school misconduct. The association between school type and self-reported misconduct cannot be attributed to the students' self-esteem. Their sense of futility, however, proves to be wholly responsible for the relationship. The culture of futility at a school, on the other hand, does not seem to be related to misconduct. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Belgium