ERIC Number: EJ814734
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 89
Overview and Analysis of the Behaviourist Criticism of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)"
Andersson, Gerhard; Ghaderi, Ata
Clinical Psychologist, v10 n2 p67-77 Jul 2006
While a majority of cognitive behavioural researchers and clinicians adhere to the classification system provided in the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV)," strong objections have been voiced among behaviourists who find the dichotomous allocation of patients into psychiatric diagnoses incompatible with the philosophy of behaviourism and practice of functional analysis. The aim of this paper is to give an overview of the current debate and to analyse the tension between the "DSM-IV" and functional analysis along the following contrasts: inductive versus deductive, idiographic versus nomothetic, contextualism versus mechanism, social constructions versus real entities, and dimensions versus categories. Finally, some suggested alternatives are discussed. It is concluded that there is a need for alternative systems to the "DSM" with treatment utility.
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Patients, Classification, Behavioral Science Research, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Criticism, Clinical Psychology, Models, Debate
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A