NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ814600
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0620
In-Service Education and the Superintendency: Lloyd Wolfe in San Antonio, Texas, 1902-1908
Spearman, Mindy
Journal of Educational Administration and History, v38 n1 p59-72 Apr 2006
During the early 20th century, practicing San Antonio teachers took part in several different types of in-service education. This paper investigates the types of in-service education present during the superintendency of Lloyd Wolfe (1902-1908), a progressive San Antonio educator who employed innovative approaches to in-service education. Influenced by Francis W. Parker, Wolfe placed emphasis on methodology that stressed child-centred activities and real-world problem solving. The paper explores how Wolfe disseminated his ideology to his teachers through the lectures and content of a summer in-service programme. It contemplates criticism from conservative San Antonio politicians who considered some of the approaches to in-service education both too progressive and too costly. It demonstrates how personal ideology of particular superintendents shaped and changed teacher education programmes. Finally, the author places the San Antonio programme in a broader context that contributes to what is known about early teacher education programmes in the USA. (Contains 112 notes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Texas