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ERIC Number: EJ814490
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
Improving the Writing Skills of High School Students with Learning Disabilities Using the "Expressive Writing" Program
Walker, Barbara D.; Shippen, Margaret E.; Houchins, David E.; Cihak, David F.
International Journal of Special Education, v22 n2 p66-76 2007
This study investigated the effects of the Direct Instruction writing program, "Expressive Writing" (Engelmann & Silbert, 1983), for high school students with learning disabilities (LD). The study used a multiple probe design across participants and results indicate the effectiveness of "Expressive Writing" in improving the writing skills of high students with LD who participated. The study (a) examined the number of correct word sequences written during the first three minutes of narrative writing opportunities, (b) analyzed the incorrect word sequences by error type (e.g., spelling, use of Standard English, punctuation, capitalization), and (c) examined the generalization effects of "Expressive Writing" on performance on a standardized measure of writing skills. This study has implications for the practical use of the "Expressive Writing" program to improve overall written expression as well as pre-skills such as spelling, mechanics, and Standard English usage.
Descriptors: Standard Spoken Usage, Spelling, Learning Disabilities, Expressive Language, Writing Skills, Writing Instruction, High School Students, Writing Improvement, Error Patterns, Grammar, Generalization, Student Evaluation, Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills, Direct Instruction
International Journal of Special Education. 2889 Highbury Street, Vancouver, BC V6R 3T7, Canada. Web site: http://www.internationaljournalofspecialeducation.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A