ERIC Number: EJ814146
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
Special Needs, Relationship Type and Distributive Justice Norms in Early and Later Years of Middle Childhood
Frederickson, Norah L.; Simmonds, Elizabeth A.
Social Development, v17 n4 p1056-1073 Nov 2008
Sensitivity to relationship type and level of need in distributing rewards for work done was investigated with classmates who were best friends, acquaintances, or children with special educational needs (SEN). Children (N = 142) aged 8-11 years completed measures of reward allocation, monitoring of task inputs and belief in a just world (BJW). An increase in children's sensitivity to relationship type and need was found with age in reward allocation and monitoring of task inputs. Among older children, BJW varied with relationship type and monitoring of task inputs. Findings support the characterization of relationships with acquaintances as exchange relationships, with best friends as symmetrical communal relationships, and with children who have SEN as asymmetrical communal relationships.
Descriptors: Educational Needs, Rewards, Special Needs Students, Interpersonal Relationship, Friendship, Children, Measures (Individuals), Beliefs, Age Differences, Task Analysis, Justice
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A