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ERIC Number: EJ814140
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 38
ISSN: ISSN-0961-205X
Mothers' "and" Fathers' Use of Internal State Talk with Their Young Children
LaBounty, Jennifer; Wellman, Henry M.; Olson, Sheryl; Lagattuta, Kristin; Liu, David
Social Development, v17 n4 p757-775 Nov 2008
The present study extends previous results demonstrating a relation between maternal discourse and child social understanding to include paternal discourse. Emotion understanding (EU) and theory of mind (ToM) were considered as two distinctive aspects of social understanding. Participants were 106 children (54 boys and 52 girls) studied at 3.5 and 5 years. Discourse measures came from separate parent-child conversations during a picture-book task; measures of EU and ToM came from children's performance on social cognition tasks. Differences in parental talk translated into important differences in the influence of each parent on children's social-cognitive understanding. Mothers' references to emotion and emotion causal explanatory language predicted children's concurrent EU. Fathers' use of causal explanatory language referring to desires and emotions predicted children's concurrent and later ToM. These results highlight important differences between mothers and fathers in their use of internal state language and its impact on children's social-cognitive understanding.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A