ERIC Number: EJ814136
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
Exploring the Etiology of Perfectionism and Perceptions of Self-Worth in Young Athletes
McArdle, Siobhain; Duda, Joan L.
Social Development, v17 n4 p980-997 Nov 2008
This study assessed the main and interactive effects of perceived parental expectations and perceived parental criticism on 180 young talented athletes' perfectionistic tendencies and level and reported fluctuation in self-esteem. A potential quadratic effect of perceived parental expectations on the targeted dependent variables was also tested. Moderated hierarchical regression analyses indicated that perceived parental criticism was the strongest predictor of concerns over mistakes and doubts about actions whereas perceived parental expectations were positively related to personal standards only. Self-esteem was predicted by high perceived parental expectations and low perceived parental criticism. Children's reported fluctuation in self-esteem was highest when perceived parental criticism was high and perceived parental expectations were deemed high or low. The results argue against a unidimensional and linear examination of factors relating to the etiology of perfectionism and perceptions of self-worth.
Descriptors: Athletes, Criticism, Etiology, Sociology, Self Esteem, Parent Child Relationship, Personality Traits, Predictor Variables, Childhood Attitudes, Expectation, Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A