ERIC Number: EJ814131
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
A Social Relations Analysis of Children's Trust in Their Peers across the Early Years of School
Betts, Lucy R.; Rotenberg, Ken J.
Social Development, v17 n4 p1039-1055 Nov 2008
Two hundred and five (103 female and 102 male) children enrolled in school years 1 and 2 in the UK (mean age 6 years 1 month at Time 1) were tested twice over a 1-year period. The children reported the promise keeping and secret keeping behaviours of classmates (all peers and same-gender peers) and provided friendship nominations (Time 2 only). Round robin social relations analyses for all peers and same-gender peers revealed: (1) perceiver variance, demonstrating consistent individual differences in trust beliefs in peers; (2) target variance, demonstrating consistent individual differences in eliciting trust from peers; and, (3) dyadic reciprocity, demonstrating reciprocal trust between individuals. Replicability across measures, stability, and cross-measure stability of these effects were found for all peers only. As hypothesized, the perceiver and target effects of trust were associated with the number of friendships. The findings support the conclusion that young children demonstrate multiple components of trust in dyadic relationships, which are associated with their social relationships.
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), Friendship, Peer Relationship, Grade 1, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Interpersonal Competence, Correlation, Young Children
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2
Authoring Institution: N/A