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ERIC Number: EJ814130
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 35
ISSN: ISSN-1436-4522
Comparison of Dimension Reduction Methods for Automated Essay Grading
Kakkonen, Tuomo; Myller, Niko; Sutinen, Erkki; Timonen, Jari
Educational Technology & Society, v11 n3 p275-288 2008
Automatic Essay Assessor (AEA) is a system that utilizes information retrieval techniques such as Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), Probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis (PLSA), and Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) for automatic essay grading. The system uses learning materials and relatively few teacher-graded essays for calibrating the scoring mechanism before grading. We performed a series of experiments using LSA, PLSA and LDA for document comparisons in AEA. In addition to comparing the methods on a theoretical level, we compared the applicability of LSA, PLSA, and LDA to essay grading with empirical data. The results show that the use of learning materials as training data for the grading model outperforms the k-NN-based grading methods. In addition to this, we found that using LSA yielded slightly more accurate grading than PLSA and LDA. We also found that the division of the learning materials in the training data is crucial. It is better to divide learning materials into sentences than paragraphs. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
International Forum of Educational Technology & Society. Athabasca University, School of Computing & Information Systems, 1 University Drive, Athabasca, AB T9S 3A3, Canada. Tel: 780-675-6812; Fax: 780-675-6973; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A