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ERIC Number: EJ814007
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 121
ISSN: ISSN-0003-066X
Framing Public Policy and Prevention of Chronic Violence in American Youths
Dodge, Kenneth A.
American Psychologist, v63 n7 p573-590 Oct 2008
Metaphors can both inspire and mislead the public. Current metaphors for youth violence are inconsistent with scientific evidence about how chronic violence develops and evoke inaccurate or harmful reactions. Popular, problematic metaphors include "superpredator", "quarantining the contagious", "corrective surgery", "man as computer", "vaccine", and "chronic disease". Four new metaphors that more accurately reflect the science of child development are proposed to shape the field. "Preventive dentistry" offers a lifelong system of universal, selected, and indicated intervention policies. "Cardiovascular disease" offers concepts of distal risk factors, proximal processes, equifinality and multifinality, and long-term prevention. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's "public health model" focuses on injury and the victim to elicit popular support. "Public education for illiteracy" offers concepts of long-term universal education coupled with specialized help for high-risk youths and goes beyond metaphor to represent a truly applicable framework. Research is proposed to test the scientific merit for and public receptivity to these metaphors. (Contains 1 table.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A