ERIC Number: EJ813928
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Psychiatric Correlates of Nonsuicidal Cutting Behaviors in an Adolescent Inpatient Sample
Swenson, Lance P.; Spirito, Anthony; Dyl, Jennifer; Kittler, Jennifer; Hunt, Jeffrey I.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v39 n4 p427-438 Dec 2008
This archival study of 288 adolescent psychiatric inpatients examined the psychiatric correlates of cutting behavior. Participants were categorized into Threshold cutters (n = 61), Subthreshold cutters (n = 43), and Noncutters (n = 184). Groups were compared on psychiatric diagnoses, suicidality, and self-reported impairment. Results demonstrated that females were more likely to cut relative to males; however, gender did not affect the correlates of cutting behavior. Adolescents in the Threshold group were more likely to be diagnosed with Major Depression and had higher self-reported suicidality, depression, and trauma-related symptoms of depression and dissociation relative to the Noncutting group. The Subthreshold group did not differ from the other groupings except for an elevated risk for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder compared to the Noncutting group.
Descriptors: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Patients, Depression (Psychology), Correlation, Self Destructive Behavior, Psychiatry, Adolescents, Psychological Patterns, Clinical Diagnosis, Suicide, Gender Differences, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Mental Disorders, At Risk Persons
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A