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ERIC Number: EJ813917
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0959-4752
Flexibility in Problem Solving: The Case of Equation Solving
Star, Jon R.; Rittle-Johnson, Bethany
Learning and Instruction, v18 n6 p565-579 Dec 2008
A key learning outcome in problem-solving domains is the development of flexible knowledge, where learners know multiple strategies and adaptively choose efficient strategies. Two interventions hypothesized to improve flexibility in problem solving were experimentally evaluated: prompts to discover multiple strategies and direct instruction on multiple strategies. Participants were 132 sixth-grade students who solved linear equations for three hours. Both interventions improved students' flexibility in problem solving and did not replace, nor interfere with, one another. Overall, the study provides causal evidence that exposure to multiple strategies leads to improved flexibility in problem solving and that discovery learning and direct instruction are compatible instructional approaches. (Contains 6 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 6
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305H050179
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Meets Evidence Standards without Reservations
IES Cited: ED532215