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ERIC Number: EJ813641
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0031-7217
Beyond Standardization: Powerful New Principles for Improvement
Hargreaves, Andy; Shirley, Dennis
Phi Delta Kappan, v90 n2 p135-143 Oct 2008
Almost all of the most recent school improvement strategies have focused on standards and accountability. But test data from assessments such as the National Assessment of Educational Progress indicate that such emphasis has had little impact on student achievement. Drawing from extensive research across national settings, Andy Hargreaves and Dennis Shirley present new data from innovative practices in Finland, Canada, England, and the United States to argue that we have now entered a new phase of change. This new wave of reforms--post-standardization--will allow for greater creativity, flexibility, inclusiveness, and inspiration in our schools. (Contains 23 endnotes.)
Phi Delta Kappa International. 408 North Union Street, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402-1789. Tel: 800-766-1156; Fax: 812-339-0018; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Finland; United Kingdom (England); United States
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001